Individuals with rashes all over their body should visit the best dermatologist in Model Town Lahore. The itchiness and red patches indicate the person may be suffering from atopic dermatitis. The specialist will help diagnose and evaluate the severity of the condition. With the help of medications and other lifestyle changes, the patient can easily manage the symptoms and lead a life full of contentment.
Atopic Dermatitis and Its Symptoms
Atopic dermatitis is commonly known as eczema. The patient can observe redness and itchiness on their skin. In severe cases, the person needs to seek immediate medical attention to avoid further complications. The signs of a person suffering from the condition include:
- The skin becomes dry and appears to be scaly.
- The skin starts to crack, causing pain and discomfort.
- The patient can observe redness on the affected part.
- The patient experiences extreme itchiness around the affected area.
- In severe cases, the person suffers from lesions.
- The color of the affected part changes, and the skin becomes thickened.
- In extreme cases, the patient will notice painful, fluid-filled blisters.
The preventive measures include:
- The person with a family history should keep their skin moisturized in cold weather.
- The person should avoid stressors to maintain overall mental and physical health.
- The person should consult a dermatologist for using creams, serums, and other skincare products.
- To avoid complications, the patient should use their ointment and medication on time as advised by the specialist.
- The patient should avoid direct contact with chemicals, such as washing detergents, as it can cause dryness and worsen the condition.
Common Causes and Risk Factors for Atopic Dermatitis
The cause of the condition is not known, but it correlates with the overactive response from the immune system. However, certain risk factors increase the likelihood of developing the condition. The risk factors include:
- People with immune system disorders are more likely to suffer from atopic dermatitis.
- Individuals with asthma are at a higher risk of suffering from the condition.
- Individuals with psoriasis can develop the condition as a complication.
- An insect bite can trigger the condition, and the person may suffer from fluid-filled blisters.
- Environmental factors such as exposure to certain chemicals can cause itchiness, redness, and dryness.
- Genetics plays a vital role in the development of the condition. The chances of suffering from atopic dermatitis increase; if family members suffer from the exact skin condition.
Diagnosis for Atopic Dermatitis
The tests that assist in diagnosing the condition are:
- Biopsy: In some cases, the skin biopsy test is recommended to diagnose and provide the treatment accordingly.
- Physical Examination: The specialist will check the affected part and evaluate the severity of the condition.
- Allergy Skin Test: The test helps analyze if the symptoms occur due to exposure to certain chemicals.
The medications and therapy recommended to ease the symptoms include:
- Use of Corticosteroids: In the form of ointments is prescribed to reduce the redness and itchiness.
- Use of Antibiotics: The scratching increases the chances of infection. The antibiotics help fight against the infection and reduce the chances of further complications.
- Use of Topical Immunomodulators: The medication helps reduce the chances of the condition worsening and causing complications.
- Use of Antihistamines: It is used to reduce and control the itchiness around the affected region.
- Use of Calcineurin Inhibitors: The medication controls the immune response that causes the person to suffer from the condition.
- Light Therapy: Exposure to sunlight for treating the rashes.
People who notice patches and lesions on their bodies should prioritize their physical health. They should consult the best dermatologist in DHA Karachi for diagnosis and treatment plans. With atopic dermatitis, people can have low self-esteem and confidence; hence, it is best to focus on physical health for enhancing mental health.