Disease-Focused and Drug-Centric Models in Psychiatric Medications

Pharmacological Action Models

Psychiatric drugs now thought to exert their beneficial effects by helping to normalize an underlying brain disorder that thought to be the cause of the symptoms of a particular mental disorder. Thus, it believes that antipsychotics reverse the pathology that produces psychotic symptoms or schizophrenia. Psychiatric Treatment Center in Lahore.

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Usage Of Antidepressants

That antidepressants act on the biological processes that cause depressive symptoms. That mood stabilizers help normalize the processes that produce abnormal changes of mood. It sometimes proposes that the underlying pathology consists of an imbalance in neurotransmitters or neural circuitry, although it rarely specifies.

Psychiatric Medications

It is a view of the mechanism of action of drugs promoted by the pharmaceutical industry. Whose websites often resort to the idea that psychiatric medications work by balancing chemicals found naturally in the brain. The literature produced by professional organizations such as the College of Psychiatrists conveys the same message.

For example, the College’s fact sheet on antidepressants says that we think that antidepressants work by increasing the activity of certain substances. These calls neurotransmitters, that act in our brain. Serotonin and norepinephrine thought to be the chemicals most closely associated with the Depression. The Psychiatric Association suggests that antidepressants prescribe to correct levels of brain chemicals. Psychiatric Treatment Center in Lahore.

Disease-Focused Model

Assumptions about the mechanism of action of drugs seldom formulates specifically, but this approach expounded by what I have called the “disease-focused” model or theory of drug mechanism of action. The disease-focused model imported from general medicine, where the operation of most modern drugs well understood under this model.

Although most medical treatments do not reverse the original disease process, they do act on the physiological processes that produce the symptoms. Thus, beta-adrenergic agonists help reverse airway obstruction in asthma, and chemotherapy drugs counteract abnormal cell division that occurs in cancer.

Analgesics such as acetaminophen and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs also act according to the disease-focused model by intervening in the physiological processes that cause pain. Psychiatric Treatment Center in Lahore provides Best consultation.

Drug-Centric Model

The drugs help correct an altered brain state. The drugs create an altered brain state. Drugs are treatments for disease. Psychiatric drugs are psychoactive substances. The therapeutic effects of drugs derive from their effects on an underlying disease process. Therapeutic effects derive from the impact of the drug-induced state on behavioral and emotional problems.

Disease-Focused Model

The disease-focused model assumes that drugs exert their relevant effects only on people who have a specific somatic abnormality or disease. Therefore, the effects of drugs properly distinguished into therapeutic effects, those that occur on the disease process, and the rest, called side effects. The therapeutic effects are only evident in people who suffer from the underlying pathology.

Drug-Focused Model

There is an alternative explanation for the effects of drugs in psychiatric disorders that we will call the drug-focused model of pharmacological action. This model emphasizes that psychiatric drugs considered as psychoactive substances in the sense that they cross the blood-brain barrier. And affect the functioning of the brain, producing characteristic mental and physical alterations in anyone who ingests them.

According to this view, there is no essential distinction between drugs used in psychiatric treatment and recreational psychoactive drugs such as alcohol or cocaine. All psychoactive substances produce altered physical and mental states.  These can influence in different ways depending on the substance, the way people think, feel and act. Psychiatric Treatment Center in Lahore.

Drug-Focused Model

The effects of recreational drugs are often found when needed. However, at least for some people, there are medications that generally cause inadequate physical and psychological changes (such as antipsychotics and lithium). This is seen when medication is prescribed for people with psychiatric problems.

Drug-Induced State

For example, substances such as benzodiazepines and alcohol reduce alertness and generally make you feel more relaxed. This is a condition that anxious and restless people can easily experience, but taking these medications does not return the person to normal or pre-symptoms. Medication-induced conditions may be better than severe anxiety.

Drug-Centric Model

There are few examples of drug therapies based on the modern drug-based medical model, but in the past, the psychoactive effects of alcohol were an important part of their analgesic properties. However, they relieve pain by directly blocking the transmission of pain stimuli. (Disease-focused behavior).

They are psychoactive drugs that induce an artificial state of indifference and emotional detachment. People who take opioids for pain often say that they still have some pain, but they do not care anymore.


That is, according to a drug-centered model, psychiatric medications induce a global state characterized by a series of physiological and psychological alterations. These disturbances are likely to interact with symptoms of mental disorders in ways that can sometimes be beneficial.

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